Hi everyone and sorry for not posting anything for almost a month!
I finally have a bit of time to write about a language point that seems to puzzle students quite a lot: the use of the verb ‘do’ for emphasis.
Students mostly know ‘do’ as an auxiliary verb or in expressions like ‘to do the housework’ meaning to perform an action and I’ve already talked about another use of ‘do’ here. But what does it mean when people say “I do like it here!“?
I DO LIKE IT HERE!
The use of do in the above sentence is a way to add extra emphasis to a statement. It’s like saying ‘I really like it here!‘.
Let’s have a look at some features of this particular use of ‘do’:
- form: do is followed by a bare infinitive (without ‘to’): I do love London; she does love London.
- it can’t be used with negative statements: I
dodon’t like London.
- it can be used to talk about the past (but only to replace a past simple): She did teach me a lot (and I’m talking about my primary school teacher) >> she really taught me a lot; I did enjoy the party! >> I really enjoyed the party
- it’s never used with the verb ‘to be’: she
Here are more examples:
I did tell you!
Meaning: I’m sure I told you!
A sense of reproach can be felt here: maybe you warned the person you’re talking to about the consequences of doing something (and this person didn’t really listen to you!) or you might just want to emphasize that you told this person about something even though they can’t remember it now.
I do remember talking to him
Meaning: I have a very clear memory of talking to him!
I did work a lot this week
Meaning: I worked my arse off this week! 🙂
As you can see from the examples above, ‘do’ is used instead of ‘really’, ‘very’ or ‘I’m sure’.
So I do hope that this use of do won’t puzzle you anymore and I do apologise for not writing anything for so long!